The Conservation of the Industrial Heritage: Theoretical Approaches and Territorial Experimentations in the Case of Anina (Romania)

Oana Cristina Tiganea

Abstract


In Anina (Romania), for more than 200 years, the mining industry shaped its territory leaving a rich legacy. Currently, forty-five objectives are officially acknowledged for their heritage value and listed on the Historic Monuments’ List and, therefore, safeguarded. Conversely, an overall strategy for their maintenance, preservation and enhancement is lacking. Moreover, shortly after the closure of the colliery in 2006, Anina became but a faded memory with the traces of its industries slowly disappearing, and, with them, also the community. Starting from 2014, the local administration initiated the cultural project “Anina, Mine of Ideas” (2014 – 2018) in collaboration with various actors of the civil society, focused on the post-industrial territorial revitalisation through the enhancement of the cultural heritage. This occurs in a national setting where the bottom-up initiatives of the civil society are the ones that manage to generate local and regional strategies and projects in the preservation field, especially in those fragile realities threatened by disappearance. The article intends to bring new insights in reference to Romanian preservation practice of the recent years through the particular case study of Anina, a former coal mine. It will look at the process of its official acknowledgement as heritage and to the recent initiatives that tackled this issue with direct impact on its overall perception, preservation and enhancement in a post-industrial setting.


Parole chiave


coal mine; industrial heritage; bottom-up preservation system; cultural project; Anina (Romania)

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14633/AHR208

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Copyright (c) 2020 Oana Cristina Tiganea

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ArcHistoR è una rivista open access e peer reviewed (double blind), di Storia dell’architettura e Restauro, pubblicata dall’Università Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria. La rivista ha cadenza semestrale.

Comitato scientifico internazionale

Maria Dolores Antigüedad del Castillo-Olivares (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia de España), Monica Butzek (Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz), Jean-François Cabestan (Université Paris 1 - Panthéon Sorbonne), Alicia Cámara Muñoz (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia de España), David Friedman (Massachussets Institute of Technology), Alexandre Gady (Université Paris-IV-Sorbonne), Jörg Garms (Universität Wien), Miles Glenndinning (Scottish Centre for Conservation Studies, University of Edinburgh), Christopher Johns (Vanderbilt University, Nashville), Mark Wilson Jones (University of Bath), Loughlin Kealy (University College Dublin), Paulo Lourenço (Department of Civil Engineering, University of Minho), David Marshall (University of Melbourne), Werner Oechslin (ETH, Zurich, Stiftung Bibliothek Werner Oechslin, Einsiedeln), José Luis Sancho (Dirección de Conservación de Bienes Histórico-Artísticos, Palacio Real, Madrid), Dmitrij O. Švidkovskij (Moscow Architectural Institute, MARCHI)

Comitato direttivo

Tommaso Manfredi (direttore responsabile), Giuseppina Scamardì (direttore editoriale), Bruno Mussari, Annunziata Maria Oteri, Francesca Passalacqua

 

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Laboratorio Cross. Storia dell'architettura e restauro

    

      

 ISSN 2384-8898

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic License.