Giovanni Leonardi, Francis Cirianni, Domenico Iannò


The changes induced in the Local Public Transport sector with the introduction of the reform of local public transport in Europe has origin in the EEC directives which establish the principles of commercial autonomy of companies and the so-called "service contracts".  Whenever the initiative of service supply lies freely and exclusively with the operator, commercial and economic interest has priority to cost efficiency objectives. In a Regulated market, the Authority can mitigate this drawback by subjecting the granting of the license, or authorization, to the compliance with specific requirements regarding system integration, and concession of subsidies. A process of aggregation between companies has been concluded achieving efficiency in the system.  Because of this aggregation, the companies have adopted organizational and managerial strategies in order to optimize the use of the available resources, in order to start the bidding procedures.


Local Public Transport, Service Integration, Competition, Planning, Management, Scheduling.

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ISSN online 2421-3187     ISSN print 1973-7688

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)