L’ASPETTO URBANO DEL SOTTOSVILUPPO: LE MEGA CONURBAZIONI

Jesús Carlos Morett Sánchez

Abstract


As a result of globalization, in developing countries, the imbalance between the regions has increased, since the population is, more and more, addressed towards large settlements, inhabited by millions of people, in very precarious conditions, together with the lack of the most essential municipal services; therefore, these places are cities just for their size. They are concentrations of human beings, the result of the backwardness of their countries, making it even more difficult to develop. Are Mega Aglomeraciones Humanas Urbanas (MAHU), the impact of the unequal regional development in poor countries (whose economy is concentrated in some areas), and the ruin of small farms, for which it is very difficult to compete with large food companies. As a result, huge masses of people, who are unable to survive in rural areas of poor countries, migrate to the cities. It is not a process of attraction of the city, but the expulsion of people from fields, farms and forests, which - as a last option - move to urban areas that offer few opportunities for formal and well paid employment. 


DOI: http://dx.medra.org/10.19254/LaborEst.12.05          


Keywords


Urbanization in developing, Mega Agglomerates Human Urban, Rural Exodus, Rural-Urban Migration

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